Mehendi is a form of body art from ancient India, in which decorative designs are created on a person’s body, using a paste , created from the powdered dry leaves of the henna plant. Mehendi is a ceremonial art form which originated in the ancient Indian subcontinent. It is typically applied during weddings for brides. In Rajasthan, the grooms are given designs that are often as elaborate as those for brides. In Assam, apart from marriage, it is broadly used by unmarried woman during Rongali bihu.
Muslims in Afghanistan also started to use it as an indication of attaining puberty. In the Middle East and Africa, it is common for woman to apply henna to their fingernails and toenails and to their hands.
Henna paste is usually applied on the skin using a plastic cone or a stick. After about 15-20 minutes the mud will dry and begin to crack, and during this time a mixture of lemon juice and white sugar can be applied over the henna design to remoisten the henna mud so that the henna will stain darker. The Painted area is then wrapped with tissue, plastic or medical tape to lock it in body heat creating more intense colour on the skin. The wrap is worn for 2-6 hours or sometimes overnight, and then removed. When first removed, the henna design is pale to dark orange in colour and gradually darkens through oxidation, over the course of 24-72 hours. Finally the colour is reddish brown and can last anywhere from 1-3 weeks depending on the quality and type of henna paste applied, as well as where it was applied on the body. Moisturizing with coconut oil will also help to extend the lifetime of the stain.
9 Styles of Mehendi designs
Indian mehendi design
Indian mehendi designs, array from simple design to complex pattern. Simple patterns have big dot or a figure on back of the hand or in the center. The complex designs have highly detailed and fine patterns. Also the common patterns in Indian mehendi designs are flowers and peacock with various exclusive curves and curls, without leaving a lot of space in between.
Arabic mehendi design
The Arabic style of applying mehendi is free flowing in nature and majority of design comprise patterns of leaves, vines, birds and flowers. While Indian mehendi is applied covering the entire hand, Arabic mehendi is less intricate. It usually focuses on the palm unlike Indian mehendi which flows through the wrist. These designs consume less amount of mehendi and easily dries which means that you don’t have to wait overnight for the mehendi to dry. Arabic mehendi designs are often chosen by women who likes to go minimalist and that is the reason for their mass popularity.
Pakistani Mehendi design
Pakistani mehendi designs have become a symbol of art, culture and religion of Pakistan over a period of time. Pakistani mehendi is usually done using 2 types of mehendi. The outlines are usually done using black mehendi and the rest of the design is done using other variants like Indian mehendi design. Pakistani mehendi design is a mixture of Arabic and Indian mehendi styles, so it mixes the best of both and takes it to a whole new level! It is a very important part of Pakistani weddings where the brides apply mehendi which is looked upon as auspicious. Also it is largely applied on religious events like Eid. The designs vary but the application of mehendi however stands common.
Indo-Arabic Mehendi designs
As the name itself describes, the combination of Indian and Arabic. It is similar to Pakistani design, but the outline filled in with delicate Arabic style, patterns and shapes of traditional Indian style. This design is generally preferred for post Indian weddings.
Moroccan Mehendi designs
In Morocco, which is the Islamic religion dominant country the mehendi has its own historic religious significance. They have a mehendi function with every family function and festivals. And when the occasion is of a family wedding, then these Moroccan bridal designs become must for the new brides. These mehendi designs are also thought to ward off any evil eye during the auspicious occasion. And these specific diamond shaped mehendi designs are believe to prevent rideb from any evil eye. This was all a short history of Moroccan bridal mehendi design.
Glitter Mehendi is one of the new practice today which is becoming well-liked and demanding very fast. If you add sparkly colours like red, green, blue to the elaborate brown mehendi designs, the design looks more beautiful, attractive among all women. Actually sparkly colours can catch one’s eye very easily than any plain brown mehendi design. The glitter mehendi designs are elaborate and intricate. It looks extremely gorgeous than other mehendi design, if you want more attention you can easily use these sparkly colours in normal designs. Apart from the sparkling colours, this glitter henna also contains beads and diamonds. This type of henna can also be applied through glitter mehendi cone by which you can make all the design perfectly that enhance the beauty of the design.
Mughal Mehendi designs
Mughal style mehendi designs are majestic as everything else from that time. They add touch of royalty and charm. A small section of palm is kept blank. The designs used here are quite small and detailed. Paisley and floral motifs are used to decorate the hands. The fingers are decorated with fine detailed work. The design stretches till the wrist. These designs are stylish and can really add to your elegance and beauty. Mughal mehendi designs are timeless classics which resembles the rich art and culture of the mughals. It has a unique style, where every dot and curl is highlighted broadly. It has very neat and detailed pattern. It is the oldest and tradition form of mehendi.
Bridal Mehendi designs
There is nothing like enough bridal mehendi designs when you are the bride, you are always looking out for fresh and new designs for your mehendi everywhere in the internet. Bridal mehendi design is to fill the entire hand and feet with patterns of flowers, vines, images from start to end. The bridal mehendi designs are very neat, clear and much detailed.
Multi-coloured Mehendi designs
Mehendi designs are nowadays very modern and classy. Adding different colours to the mehendi has beautified the art excellently. The colours make the design look so vibrant and beautiful. Multi-coloured mehendi designs are the designs with crystals! It gives the trendy and fashionable look to the one who wears. The new thing that is trending now is multi-coloured henna. From the bright reds to the indigo blues, from the silver shine to the golden glow, mehendi designs now have different colours to cater to different attairs and style.